ALBATROSS SURFACE TO AIR MISSILE

HISTORY

The Albatros Mk 2 medium-range surface-to-air missile system uses the Aspide multi-role missile and can be integrated with various types of shipboard fire-control systems. It can engage anti-ship missiles of either the pop-up or diving type as well as the normal range of manoeuvring aircraft targets. The original Albatros Mk 1 system developed in 1968-71 utilized the RIM-7H5 missile of the NATO Sea Sparrow project. Like the Sea Sparrow, the Aspide missile uses semi active radar homing, the trajectory to the target being of the collision type with proportional navigation. Target illumination is by a continuous-wave radar array which is part of the ship's electronic outfit. The launcher can either be a standard eight-round cell with associated reload magazine, or for ships down to 200 tons a four-round cell which can be reloaded if required via standard shipboard replenishment at sea facilities. Each missile is stored in its own canister that also serves as the launch tube. The missile is basically the same as the air-launched version but has cropped wings and fins. Since it was developed, the Albatros missile system has been adopted by 15 countries throughout the world (Argentina, Ecuador, Greece, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Libya, Nigeria, Peru, Spain, Venezuela and four others).

Specification Aspide

TYPE: point-defence missile

Dimensions: length 3.70 m (12 ft 1.7 in); diameter 0.203 m (8 in); span 0.80 m

(2 ft 7.5 in) Weights: total round 204 kg (450 lb); warhead 33-kg (72. 75-lb) HE fragmentation

Performance: maximum speed Mach 2.5+; range 18.5 km ( 11.5 miles); altitude limits 15-5000 m (50-16,405 ft)